Philosophy is the study of general and essential problems. For instance, problems associated with the mind, knowledge, language and values, reality, reason, and existence. Philosophy differs from reality in that it relies and focuses mostly on rational matters of argument. In other words, a person’s philosophy may refer to the several beliefs held by the person or the love for wisdom by the person. On the other hand, real situations appear more complicated than what philosophy reveals. Most of the time reality approaches issues in a rigid manner whereas philosophy approaches issues in an open manner. This suggests that reality or practical approaches to solving problems usually shows limitations in seeking solutions to issues by applying a provided set of rules whereas philosophical or argumentative approaches to problem solving normally shows exploration of probable options and alternatives to seeking solutions to problems.
There are many cases of people with good conscience contradicting on matters that pertain to the applicability of overriding force regarding broken rules. However, this does not suggest that philosophy is ineffective, instead it implies that moving from a philosophical viewpoint to a practical viewpoint gives a better understanding and background of problems regarding balancing issues. Therefore this means that in order to accomplish a balanced system of solving problems, one must consider both practical and philosophical approaches.
Philosophy as well as approach for individual rights and public protection
The most common problems arising within the community today are problems concerning individual rights as well as public protection, conduct codes for criminal justice, and morality. When solving problems regarding individual rights and public protection, the practical method would be based on set rules. For example, the rule that says, every man owns their own property and no other person has a right to his property but himself. This means that the work from his hands has lawfully gifted him with the property. A person who takes property that is not lawfully theirs is a thief and should be judged in accordance with the law. This is the case because the law guarantees security of an individual’s property protection. Irrespective of their state, a thief is defenseless to accusations from the public according to the law, and so by judgment of law, the thief is also protected from the public.
A belief in fairness and justice is an important thing to present within a society. As, there is no inequality of human rights on the pretext of using individual traits for example: race, ethnicity, or gender. However, within a legal setting, these individual traits are considered serious issues regarding equality of human rights and have to be protected by the Government or Public. Despite the fact, that the independence declaration of 1776 underscored the conception of equality of all men regarding equality with some basic rights of life, happiness and liberty.
For this purpose, a choice was made for the creation of some equal but distinct laws and rules by the Court in 1896. The reasoning behind making the laws was to protect the Equal Clauses of African Americans in order for them to have access to the facilities that were being enjoyed by the whites. Such kinds of rules are created within society for weakening some segregation on the grounds of gender or race in order to protect all individual human right as it is a basic public responsibility.
Philosophy as well as approach for use of Reward and Punishment in Criminal Justice
The philosophical viewpoint would argue concerning the reasons behind a thief’s actions. An individual does not grab or steal another person’s property unless they have a need. Philosophically, society would grant a thief the chance to return stolen property whereas practically, a thief would be judged immediately. Humanity survives with reasoning and in order for humanity to accomplish success, they must use force to describe their capability in handle challenges. Society can opt to be grateful for the law of mutual protection or give the thief freedom to act and survive on their own genuine conditions. Either way, both thief as well as society will benefit from this kind of decision in that, a thief will get a second chance to have a new and sincere way of life should they apply the philosophical approach. On the other hand, society has the advantage of public protection via the law should it apply the practical approach.
Philosophy as well as approach for use of immoral means to achieve desirable ends.
When it comes to issues concerning codes of conduct regarding criminal justice, the use of reward as well as punishment that is applicable within criminal justice is immoral. For example, a large number of lawyers would use various ways of lying during interrogation in order to accomplish desired end results. In addition, moral rules, the criminal justice system as well as ethics are needed for daily operations because of the role of assisting in supporting ethical conduct within criminal justice issues. An individual right is a moral principle that sanctions and describes the freedoms of action within a social society. The most significant fundamental right is that of owning one’s own life. Rights are also called benefits or powers an individual can claim.
In addition, the reward can be used to set up innocent people as well as punish them while the guilty ones go free. From a practical approach viewpoint, rules indicate that when somebody is guilty of a crime, they must face trial and based on the evidence provided, they will face persecution. Practically, there is no other way of solving issues related to crime. From a philosophical approach viewpoint, investigations are required in order to have fair and just judgment. In cases where victims have no losses, criminals would have a second chance to right their wrongs as well as have a life change. In this regard, criminals have the chance to better themselves while the victims have the chance to make the lives of the criminals better by forgiving them and hence having a second go at life.
Recommended uses of ethics in decision making concerning issues in criminal justice
Ethics in criminal justice is used in decision making and may encompass moral as well as intelligent inquiry. Ethics has proven to be a central element in decision making that involves ethical dilemmas, and is concerned with codes of conduct, how to act, and the standards of conduct within different societies. Methods of setting standards range from cultural relativism to moral absolutism; a viewpoint that highlights moral diversity seems to offer the best hope for solving relativities problems. Investigating sources of ethical standards shows that natural law, religion, and other forms of law have an impact in shaping ethical standards. An ethical understanding is critical for capable decision making by professionals of criminal justice as well as a proper working system of the criminal justice.On the other hand, ethics in criminal justice offers a way of making moral decisions especially during periods of uncertainty that concern what is to be done in situations that require moral issues. During daily operations within the criminal justice system, ethics are highly required for the purpose of maintaining order.
In summary, philosophical as well as practical approaches are vital in solving problems in a balanced way within society. Although people may have their preferences concerning choosing approaches to solve their issues, it is necessary that people apply both approaches when solving issues in order to give a balanced solution to issues that come up. This way criminal justice does not only punish criminals but protects them as well in terms of them changing their lifestyles through a second chance of correcting their wrongs.
Source by Eric Mwebe
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