The Philosophy of the Novel – ‘The Outsider’ by Albert Camus

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The universal theme of absurdism widespread in social life situation has been agreeably symbolized in the novel “The Outsider”. The hypothesis of absurdism has been imitated throughout the novel with the characterization of Meursault. In this context, Albert Camus considers the philosophy of the novel as lonely and sensual by highlighting Meursault’s characteristics in light of absurdism and existentialism. As an innermost theme of the story, Meursault has been focussed as a murderer of an innocent Arab without having any reasonable ground.

On an effective trial, the court sentenced him death penalty. The focal point of the story is to commit crime and its punishment which is justifiable in the eye of law. As an outsider, the author has pointed out some social defects with which social absurdism have been revitalised. The Outsider is a novel written by Albert Camus, an Algerian-born author and truth-seeker. The account is centred on Meursault, who at the outset was victimised to societal shame owing to his incapacity to patent symbols of grief-stricken attitudes for his mother’s death. All the way through “The Outsider” by Albert Camus has been able to manage successfully to put forth dissimilar elements of absurdism through the categorization of Meursault hesitantly. One of the high-quality case in point of his absurdist characteristic is that when he does not show a great deal of interest about his mother’s death when he says, “”Mother died today. Or maybe yesterday, I don’t know” he also doesn’t cry at his mother’s funeral, in our society, a man who doesn’t cry at his mother’s funeral is liable to be condemned.

The author, in this novel, has led his utmost efforts in order to signify the attitude and feelings of those who are enterprising, selfish and exciting. He minutely criticized some defects of social life that are absorbed in prejudice and unmatched criticism of life. Sometimes, the author has found out some truth of very crucial aspects of life. In this actions and reactions of the book, Meursault has critically identified as a man of peculiar beliefs where he has explored his own world of absurdism. Afterwards, the author has tried to detect the truth in a certain place where absurdism never takes place. In view of the above it is evident that in the court of trial, he is asked to say that he regrets his crime, in time-honoured fashion. Meursault, despite of all hazards, he feels comfort in the sense that in order to establish truth, he has done the right thing painstakingly.

In this context, the author highlights the idea of social absurdism,” I did not waste it on God. He tried to change the subject by asking me why I was not calling him father. That irritated me and I told him that he was not my father: he was on the same side as the others.” The author here highlights the social existentialism by creating social humour and mental philology of social absurdism.

Source by Kh. Atiar Rahman

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